News and Events

FDA Approves First Customizable Insulin Pump
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- The Tandem Diabetes Care t:Slim X2 insulin pump, which allows a patient to customize treatment, has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The new device is described as either an alternate controller...


Nurse Navigators Aid Outcomes After Heart Attack Discharge
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Use of nurse navigators can improve care coordination and outcomes following hospitalization for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to a study presented at the American College of Cardiology Cardiovascular...


Hospital Prices Growing Faster Than Physician Prices
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Growth in hospital prices and payments outpaced growth in physician prices and payments from 2007 through 2014, according to a report published in the February issue of Health Affairs. Zack Cooper, Ph.D., from Yale...


Sepsis Common in Terminal Hospitalizations, Discharges
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- More than half of hospitalized patients who die or are terminally discharged have sepsis, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Network Open. Chanu Rhee, M.D., M.P.H., from Brigham and Women's Hospital in...


Fewer Older Men Assessed, Treated for Osteoporosis
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Fewer older men than women undergo evaluation for or management of osteoporosis, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in the Journal of Investigative Medicine. Radhika Rao Narla, M.D., from the University of...


Primary Care Providers Can Improve Diabetic Retinopathy Screening
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in primary care settings has the potential to reach most U.S. adults with diabetes, according to a brief report published online Jan. 31 in JAMA Ophthalmology. Diane M. Gibson, Ph.D.,...


CDC: Heterosexual Syphilis Transmission Up for Drug Users
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- A substantial proportion of heterosexual syphilis transmission seems to be occurring among those who use drugs, especially methamphetamine, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease...


Discharge Opioid Rx for Heart Dz Patients May Impact Follow-Up
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- For patients with an admitting diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and/or acute decompensated heart failure, opioid prescription at discharge is not significantly associated with unplanned health care utilization or...


Artificially Sweetened Drinks Linked to Stroke After Menopause
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Among postmenopausal women, consumption of artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) is associated with an increased risk for stroke, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Feb....


Brief Anesthesia in Infancy Does Not Mar Neurodevelopment
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Neurodevelopmental outcomes at 5 years of age are equivalent after brief general anesthesia or awake-regional anesthesia in infancy, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of The Lancet. Mary Ellen McCann, M.D.,...


Artificial Intelligence Predicts Survival in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Artificial intelligence software can predict prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) above established prognostic methods, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Nature Communications. Haonan Lu, from the...


Risk Factors ID'd for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Mortality
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Age, stage, and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) are risk factors for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL)-specific death in older patients, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Cancer. Caglar Caglayan, Ph.D.,...


Sports Medicine Society Updates Concussion Guidelines
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) has released an updated position statement on concussion in sports. The statement was published in the February issue of the British Journal of Sports...


Most A-Fib Patients Have at Least One Identifiable Trigger
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- Most patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) report at least one identifiable trigger, with the most common triggers being alcohol, caffeine, exercise, and lack of sleep, according to research published online Feb. 14 in...


Over Half of Hip Replacements Expected to Last 25 Years
FRIDAY, Feb. 15, 2019 -- In more than half of patients, hip replacements may be expected to last 25 years, while most knee replacements will last 25 years, according to two reviews published in the Feb. 16 issue of The Lancet. Jonathan T. Evans,...


Cancer Death Risk Up for Kidney Transplant, Dialysis Patients
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- Dialysis and kidney transplant patients have more than a 2.5-fold increased risk for cancer death, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Eric H. Au, M.B.B.S.,...


Wisdom Linked to Cognitive Performance in Schizophrenia
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- For people with schizophrenia (PwS), wisdom is associated with better cognitive performance, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Schizophrenia Research. Ryan Van Patten, Ph.D., from the University of...


Burnout Predicts Clinician Turnover in Primary Care
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- The prevalence rates of burnout, low engagement, and turnover are all high among primary care clinicians and staff, according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine. Rachel...


Hip Preservation Appropriateness Guidelines May Be Limited
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) hip preservation surgery appropriateness classification system is driven almost entirely by age and radiographic hip osteoarthritis (OA) evaluation, according to a study...


CDC: Severity of Influenza Season Low Through Feb. 2, 2019
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- The 2018 to 2019 influenza season has been low in severity so far, and overall vaccine effectiveness is about 47 percent, according to two reports published in the Feb. 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and...


Rates of Osteonecrosis of the Jaw Low for Denosumab-Treated Women
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- For denosumab-treated women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, invasive oral procedures and events (OPEs), including dental implants, tooth extraction, natural tooth loss, scaling/root planning, and jaw surgery, are common...


Medicare Patients With MS Face Higher Out-of-Pocket Rx Costs
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- Medicare patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) face increasing out-of-pocket costs for disease-modifying therapies, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs. Daniel M. Hartung, Pharm.D.,...


p, p'-DDT Exposure Linked to Breast Cancer Through Age 54
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- p, p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is associated with breast cancer through age 54 years, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Barbara A. Cohn, Ph.D., from...


Risk for MRSA Reduced With Postdischarge Decolonization
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- For patients colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), postdischarge MRSA decolonization is associated with a reduced risk for infection, according to a study published in the Feb. 14 issue of the...


CVD Does Not Modify Depression-Mortality Link in Elderly
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- In older adults, the association between depressive symptoms and mortality is not influenced by the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study recently published in the Journal of the American...


Child Enterovirus Infection May Up Risk for Developing Celiac Disease
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- A higher frequency of enterovirus infections in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for developing celiac disease, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the The BMJ. Christian R. Kahrs, M.D.,...


Human Milk Microbiota Shaped by Maternal Factors, Feeding Method
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- Compared with direct breastfeeding, indirect breastfeeding with pumped milk is associated with the depletion of oral bacteria and a higher abundance of potential pathogens, according to a study published in the Feb. 13...


Physical Activity Down Across Chronic Disease Subgroups
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- People with a wide variety of chronic diseases are less physically active than individuals without chronic diseases, according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the International Journal of Epidemiology. Joseph Barker,...


High Rates of MenB Vaccination Advised in University Outbreaks
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- Achieving high serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccination coverage is recommended following university-based outbreaks of meningococcal disease caused by serogroup B, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the...


Subsymptom Threshold Exercise Speeds Concussion Recovery
THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 -- For adolescent athletes, subsymptom threshold aerobic exercise prescribed during the first week after sport-related concussion (SRC) speeds recovery, according to a study published online Feb. 4 in JAMA Pediatrics. John J....


Autologous Stem Cell Transplant May Aid Some With Nodal PTCL
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) may be beneficial for some patients with nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in the first complete remission (CR1), according to a study published online Jan. 29 in...


FDA Panel Backs Ketamine-Like Drug for Depression
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- An expert panel for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has endorsed a drug for major depressive disorder that is a close relative to ketamine. If approved by the FDA, the new drug known as esketamine would be available...


Improved Outcomes Seen With Liver Grafts From Older Donors
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- From 2003 to 2016, liver graft loss and mortality improved among recipients of liver grafts from older donors, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in JAMA Surgery. Christine E. Haugen, M.D., from the Johns...


Midlife Systemic Inflammation Linked to Later Cognitive Decline
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- Midlife systemic inflammation is associated with cognitive decline, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Neurology. Keenan A. Walker, Ph.D., from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and colleagues created...


Drug Company Payments Over Time May Influence Rx Practices
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- Physicians treating certain cancers who consistently receive payments from a cancer drug's manufacturer are more likely to prescribe that drug instead of other treatments, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in...


Neoadjuvant PD-1 Blockade Seems Effective in Glioblastoma
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- Neoadjuvant administration of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade seems to enhance local and systemic antitumor immune response in glioblastoma, according to a study published online Feb. 11 in Nature...


HRQoL Scores Decrease With Treatment Line in Multiple Myeloma
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- For patients with multiple myeloma (MM), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores decrease with treatment line, according to a study published in the January issue of Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma &...


Sinks by Toilets in ICU Patient Rooms Harbor Harmful Bacteria
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- Sinks next to toilets in hospital patient rooms may be reservoirs for Klebsiella pneumonia carbapenemase (KPC), according to a brief report published in the January issue of the American Journal of Infection...


Lower Birth Weight May Up Risk for Psychiatric Disorders
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- After adjustment for family-related factors and gestational age, lower birth weight is associated with a small but significant increased risk for several psychiatric disorders, according to a study published online Feb. 6...


Coexisting Medical Conditions, Smoking Explain PTSD-CVD Link
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 13, 2019 -- The correlation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not independent and is explained by physical and psychiatric conditions and smoking, according to a study published online...