News and Events

FDA Approves First Generics of Gilenya
December 05, 2019 -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three applications for first generics of Gilenya (fingolimod) capsules for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) in adult patients. “Approving safe...


Annual Reported Measles Incidence Dropped From 2000 to 2018
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- The annual reported measles incidence decreased from 2000 to 2018, but the number of cases increased from 2016 to 2018, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and...


More Than 100 E. Coli Illnesses Now Linked to Romaine Lettuce
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Federal health officials are currently investigating a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli infection linked to romaine lettuce thought to be grown in Salinas, California. Case numbers have risen from 67 reported a week...


Seven Deaths in California From Infections Tied to Black Tar Heroin
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Infections linked to injections of black tar heroin have killed seven people in San Diego County in the past two months, health officials said Wednesday. Between Oct. 2 and Nov. 24, nine adults, aged 19 to 57 years, were...


Evidence Uncertain Whether Interventions Prevent Falls in MS
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- There is uncertainty regarding the effect of exercise and other interventions on the prevention of falls in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review published online Nov. 28 in the Cochrane Database of...


Daily Cannabis Use Tied to Lower Illicit Opioid Use for Chronic Pain
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Individuals with chronic pain who use daily cannabis have lower odds of using illicit opioids, according to a Canadian study published online Nov. 19 in PLOS Medicine. Stephanie Lake, from University of British Columbia in...


Early-Onset CVD Rate Up for Children of Moms With Diabetes
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Children of mothers with diabetes have increased rates of early-onset cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in The BMJ. Yongfu Yu, Ph.D., from Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, and...


RSNA: Brachytherapy Treats Skin Cancer in Elderly Patients
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Excellent local control and cosmetic outcomes are observed in elderly patients receiving high dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT) for early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancer of the head and neck region, according to a study...


Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Men and women experience obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during REM sleep at similar rates, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in SLEEP. Christine H.J. Won, M.D., from the Yale University School of Medicine in New...


Playing Analog Games Tied to Less Relative Cognitive Decline
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Playing analog games is associated with less relative cognitive decline, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in the Journals of Gerontology: Series B. Drew M. Altschul, Ph.D., and Ian J. Deary, Ph.D., both from...


E-Cigarette Smokers Have Increased Odds of Depression
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Current and former electronic cigarette users have increased odds of depression compared with never users, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open. Olufunmilayo H. Obisesan, M.D., M.P.H., from the...


First-Line Osimertinib May Up Survival in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- For patients with previously untreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with an EGFR mutation, overall survival is longer for treatment with osimertinib rather than comparator tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the...


Racial Differences Seen With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Racial differences in disease expression and adverse clinical outcomes exist between black and white patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Cardiology. Lauren A....


Receipt of Surgery for Early NSCLC Varies by County
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- There is considerable variation across counties in receipt of curative-intent surgery for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a study published online Dec. 5 in CHEST. Helmneh M. Sineshaw, M.D.,...


Permanent Hair Dye Use Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Permanent hair dye use is associated with an increased risk for breast cancer, especially among black women, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the International Journal of Cancer. Carolyn E. Eberle, from the...


6.5 Percent of Adults Report Prescription Opioid Analgesic Use
THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 -- Overall, 6.5 percent of adults aged 20 years and older reported using a prescription opioid analgesic in the previous 30 days during 2013 to 2016, according to a report published in the December Health E-Stats, a...


New HIV Infections Remained Stable in U.S. From 2013 to 2017
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- From 2013 to 2017, the number of new HIV infections remained stable, and only 18.1 percent of the 1.2 million people with indications for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) had been prescribed the medication in 2018, according...


Review: Teleneurology Feasible for Several Neurologic Disorders
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Teleneurology is feasible for several neurological disorders, according to a review published online Dec. 4 in Neurology. Jamie M. Hatcher-Martin, M.D., Ph.D., from the Emory University Brain Health Center in Atlanta, and...


Aspirin Use May Reduce Cancer, All-Cause Mortality in Seniors
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Aspirin use three or more times per week is associated with reductions in all-cause, any cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality among older adults, according to a study published online Dec....


Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- While affiliating with health systems may boost a rural hospital's financial viability, the affiliation is often associated with reductions in critical services, according to a study published in the December issue of...


Ubrogepant Relieves Pain, Symptoms of Acute Migraine
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- The percentage of patients with migraine reporting freedom from pain is higher for those receiving ubrogepant than those receiving placebo, according to a study published in the Dec. 5 issue of the New England Journal of...


Palm, Finger Temps Higher on Thermal Imaging in RA Patients
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Palm and finger temperatures are significantly increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) without active inflammation compared with healthy controls, according to a study published online Nov. 25 in Scientific...


RSNA: Brain Changes Observed on MRI in Obese Teens
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- The brains of obese teens show damage, possibly related to inflammation, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, held from Dec. 1 to 6 in Chicago. Pamela...


Lower Breast Key Focus Area for Assessing Breast Aesthetics
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- For assessment of breast aesthetics and symmetry, the key focus areas are the lower regions of the breasts and nipple-areola complex, irrespective of the observer's sex, according to a study published in the December issue...


Deep Learning Models Can Help Interpret Chest Radiographs
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Deep learning models can be used for interpretation of chest radiographs, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Radiology. Anna Majkowska, Ph.D., from Google Health in Mountain View, California, and colleagues...


About One in Three in ED for Low Back Pain Receive Imaging
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Imaging is obtained for about one in three patients with emergency department visits for low back pain, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in the American Journal of Roentgenology. Jina Pakpoor, M.D., from the...


Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Adults not living in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) are more likely to have reduced access to or use of health care services, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a...


Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Physicians showing depressive symptoms are at higher risk for medical errors, according to a review published Nov. 27 in JAMA Network Open. Karina Pereira-Lima, Ph.D., from the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann...


Non-HDL Cholesterol Levels Linked to Long-Term ASCVD Risk
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Elevated concentrations of non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol are associated with an increased long-term risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in The...


Mobile Stroke Unit Care May Reduce Time to Thrombolysis
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Mobile stroke unit (MSU) care is associated with quicker time to thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke compared with conventional ambulance care in a densely populated urban area, according to a study published online Dec....


Postpartum Opioid Prescription Rates Vary Widely by Hospital
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 -- Postpartum opioid prescription rates vary widely among hospitals, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Maternal-Fetal Medicine. Karissa B. Sanchez...


New Federal Program Provides Free HIV Prevention Drugs to Uninsured
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- A new program to provide free HIV prevention drugs to people who cannot afford them because they do not have health insurance was announced Tuesday by the U.S. government. Use of daily preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...


eBay Bans Infant Inclined Sleepers, Other Companies Urged to Do Same
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- eBay's decision to ban infant inclined sleepers from its platform, including nonrecalled sleepers, was welcomed by Consumer Reports, which urged other companies to do the same. Consumer Reports said eBay's ban was based on...


Digital Sepsis Monitoring May Improve Inpatient Outcomes
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- A digital sepsis alert is associated with improved outcomes, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. Kate Honeyford, Ph.D., from Imperial College London,...


Infancy Nurse Visit Program May Reduce Public Benefit Costs
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- A prenatal and infancy nurse home visiting program is associated with reduced public benefit costs for low-income mothers and improved cognitive-related skills in their children, according to two studies published in the...


Decline in Adult Primary Care Visits Seen in 2007 to 2016
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- There was a national decline in adult primary care visits from 2007 to 2016, but the decline was associated with a simultaneous uptick in longer visits with electronic follow-up, according to a study published in the...


Implant Survival Poor for Converted 'Partial' Knee Replacements
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) converted from medial unicompartmental (or "partial") knee arthroplasty (UKA) has a risk for revision that is threefold higher than that for primary TKA, according to a study published online...


Deportation Worry May Raise Risk for Hypertension in Women
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- Deportation worry is associated with an increased risk for incident hypertension in women, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Jacqueline M. Torres, Ph.D., M.P.H.,...


ᴅ-dimer Test Adjusted to Clinical Probability IDs Low Risk for PE
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- Low clinical pretest probability (C-PTP) and a ᴅ-dimer of less than 1,000 ng/mL identify patients with a low risk for pulmonary embolism, according to a study published in the Nov. 28 issue of the New England Journal of...


Palmoplantar Pustulosis Confirmed as Orphan Disease
TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 -- Co-occurring psoriasis is common among patients with palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP), according to a study published in the November issue of the British Journal of Dermatology. Yuki M.F. Andersen, from the University of...