News and Events

AAOS: Opioid Prescribing Down for Minor Ortho Injuries in Youth
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- From 2004 to 2017, there was a decrease in the proportion of pediatric patients with a minor injury prescribed opioids, according to research released as part of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Virtual...


CV Toxicity Tied to Azithromycin and/or Hydroxychloroquine
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin may have a serious adverse impact on the cardiovascular system, according to a research letter published online May 22 in Circulation. Lee S. Nguyen, M.D., from Sorbonne...


Links Found Between Leaders of Medical Associations, Industry
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- There are extensive financial relationships between leaders of U.S. professional medical associations and industry, according to a study published online May 27 in The BMJ. Ray Moynihan, Ph.D., from Bond University in Gold...


Genetic Data May Up Diagnostic Efficiency for Rheumatic Disease
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- Converting genotype information into an interpretable probability value for five different inflammatory arthritis-causing diseases could potentially improve the diagnostic efficiency of rheumatic disease, according to a...


Disease-Modifying Drug Regimen May Offer Benefit in Heart Failure
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- The treatment effects of early comprehensive disease-modifying pharmacological therapy are considerable for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), according to a study published online May 21 in...


Risk for Later Invasive Breast Cancer Up for Women With DCIS
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- Women with screening-detected ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have increased long-term risks for invasive breast cancer and breast cancer death, according to a study published online May 27 in The BMJ. Gurdeep S. Mannu,...


AAOS: QR Codes on Children's Casts May Be Useful for Care Info
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- Quick response (QR) codes on casts of pediatric patients with fractures may be a convenient and useful way to connect children and their caregivers to cast care instructions, according to a study released as part of the...


Improving Glycemic Control May Also Aid COVID-19 Outcomes
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- Insulin infusion helps achieve glycemic targets and may reduce risk for poor outcomes in patients with hyperglycemia and COVID-19, according to a study published online May 19 in Diabetes Care. Celestino Sardu, M.D.,...


9.5 Percent Uninsured in U.S. From January Through June 2019
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- A total of 9.5 percent of persons were uninsured from January through June 2019, according to a report published online May 28 by the National Center for Health Statistics. Robin A. Cohen, Ph.D., and colleagues from the...


Spirituality May Have Protective Effect on QOL for Stroke Survivors
THURSDAY, May 28, 2020 -- High spirituality among stroke survivors may moderate the association between care partner depressive symptomatology and quality of life (QOL) for survivors and their care partners, according to a study published online May...


Neurofilament Light Chain Levels Elevated After Repetitive TBI
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- Repetitive mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) are associated with elevated exosomal and plasma levels of neurofilament light (NfL) chain, according to a study published online May 27 in Neurology. Vivian A. Guedes,...


Parents Struggling to Provide for Families During Pandemic
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- The COVID-19 pandemic poses risks to children's health, well-being, and development as parents struggle to provide for their families, according to a survey released by the Urban Institute. The Urban Institute's Health...


Outcomes Similar After TAVR in Bicuspid, Tricuspid Anatomy
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- All-cause mortality and stroke are comparable at 30 days and one year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) among patients with bicuspid and tricuspid valve stenosis, according to a study published online May...


Early Informed Lung Cancer Patients Have Greater Survival Rates
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- Lung cancer patients who are given the opportunity to be informed of their diagnosis have a longer median survival time, according to a study published in the May issue of Psycho-Oncology. Tong Su, Ph.D., of the College...


Surgery Not Superior for Closed Displaced Humeral Shaft Fractures
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- Internal fixation surgery to treat closed humeral shaft fracture does not significantly improve 12-month outcomes versus nonoperative functional bracing, according to a study published in the May 12 issue of the Journal of...


Palliative Care Linked to Fewer Readmissions for Heart Failure
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- For patients admitted with heart failure, palliative care is associated with fewer readmissions and less mechanical ventilation, according to a study published online May 27 in the Journal of the American Heart...


African-Americans More Likely to Be Hospitalized With COVID-19
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- African-American patients have an increased likelihood of hospitalization for COVID-19, according to a report published online May 21 in Health Affairs. Kristen M.J. Azar, R.N., M.P.H., from the Sutter Health Center for...


AI Model Predicts Risk for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- A new artificial intelligence algorithm can predict risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a study published in the April issue of Translational Vision Science and Technology. Alauddin Bhuiyan,...


Neuroimaging Features of COVID-19 Are Variable
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- Neuroimaging features of COVID-19 are variable among patients with acute neurological symptoms but are dominated by acute ischemic infarcts, according to a research letter published online May 21 in Radiology. Using a...


Only One in Four U.S. Hospitals With ICUs Have Tele-ICU Services
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- In 2018, half of U.S. hospitals had the capacity to conduct telehealth-based outpatient visits, while only one in four had tele-intensive care unit (tele-ICU) capabilities, according to a research letter published online...


Benzodiazepines, Codispensed Opioids Common in Hemodialysis
WEDNESDAY, May 27, 2020 -- Patients initiating hemodialysis often are prescribed opioids and short-acting benzodiazepines, which are associated with increased mortality risk, according to a study published online May 26 in the Clinical Journal of...


CBT Offers Some Benefits in Adults With Dissociative Seizures
WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2020 -- For adults with dissociative seizures, cognitive behavioral therapy plus standardized medical care is not associated with a reduced frequency of monthly seizures but does improve secondary outcomes, according to a study...


WHO Suspends Testing of Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 Patients
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- The World Health Organization has suspended use of the antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine in a clinical trial of treatments of COVID-19 after a study revealed that patients taking the drug are at increased risk for death...


Primary Care Providers Report More Workplace Burnout, Anxiety
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Primary care providers report more workplace burnout and higher scores for anxiety than other health care professionals, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Board of Family...


High Prevalence of Primary Aldosteronism Observed
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Primary aldosteronism is prevalent and increases in parallel with hypertension severity, according to a study published online May 26 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Jenifer M. Brown, M.D., from Harvard Medical School...


New Medicare Benefit Would Limit Insulin Copays to $35 a Month
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Reacting to skyrocketing prices for insulin, the Trump Administration announced on Tuesday a new benefit that would limit Medicare recipients' copays for insulin to a maximum of $35 a month and save them about $446 a year if...


USPSTF: Little Evidence Interventions Prevent Illicit Drug Use in Youth
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that current evidence is inadequate for assessing the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions for preventing illicit drug use among children,...


Air Filters Shown to Improve Breathing in Children With Asthma
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Daily use of a fine particulate matter air filtration device can significantly improve airway mechanics and reduce airway resistance in children with asthma, according to a study recently published in JAMA...


Adenovirus Type-5 Vectored COVID-19 Vaccine Shows Promise
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- A recombinant adenovirus type-5 (Ad5) vectored COVID-19 vaccine is safe, tolerable, and immunogenic, according to a study published online May 22 in The Lancet. Feng-Cai Zhu, Ph.D., from the Jiangsu Provincial Center for...


Remdesivir Beats Placebo for Time to COVID-19 Recovery
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- For adults hospitalized with COVID-19 with lower respiratory tract infection, time to recovery is shorter with remdesivir than placebo, according to a study published online May 22 in the New England Journal of...


Right Ventricular Dilation Linked to Mortality in COVID-19
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Right ventricular dilation is associated with in-hospital mortality among patients hospitalized with COVID-19, according to a study published online May 15 in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. Edgar Argulian, M.D., M.P.H., from...


Three Trajectories of Picky Eating Identified in Children
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Three stable trajectories of picky eating have been identified in childhood from ages 4 to 9 years, with maternal feeding behaviors associated with picky eating, according to a study published online May 26 in...


Environmental Chemical Exposure Tied to Kidney Disease in the U.S.
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Increased exposure to heavy metal lead, cadmium, or volatile organic compounds may be associated with an increased prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online May 22 in the Clinical...


Hydroxychloroquine Plus Macrolides No Benefit in COVID-19
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- For patients with COVID-19 requiring hospitalization, there is no evidence of benefit for use of hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide, according to a study published online May 22 in The...


Lasting Drop Seen in CRC Incidence, Death After Negative Colonoscopy
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality are reduced for a period of 17.4 years following a single negative screening colonoscopy, according to a study published online May 26 in the Annals of Internal...


Placental Injury Seen in Pregnant Women With SARS-CoV-2
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- Higher rates of decidual arteriopathy and other maternal vascular malperfusion features are seen in placentas of women with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online...


Platinum Therapy May Up Survival in Pancreatic Cancer With DNA Repair Defects
TUESDAY, May 26, 2020 -- For patients with advanced-stage pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), those with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) have improved survival with first-line (1L) platinum treatment, according to a study published...


Peer-Reviewed Data Shows Remdesivir for COVID-19 Improves Time to Recovery
May 22, 2020 --  The investigational antiviral remdesivir is superior to the standard of care for the treatment of COVID-19, according to a report published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. The preliminary analysis is...


U.S. Offers $1.2 Billion to Drug Company for COVID-19 Vaccine Research
FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 -- The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services said Thursday it would provide up to $1.2 billion to AstraZeneca to develop a potential COVID-19 vaccine from a lab in Oxford, England. The fourth, and largest, vaccine...


Age, Sex, History of Diabetes Predict Intubation in COVID-19
FRIDAY, May 22, 2020 -- Older age, male sex, and history of diabetes are factors predictive of intubation among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, while age and body mass index are associated with time to extubation, according to a study published...