News and Events

Neighborhood Disadvantage Tied to Shorter Breast Cancer-Specific Survival
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- Neighborhood disadvantage is associated with shorter breast cancer-specific survival, according to a study published online April 18 in JAMA Network Open. Neha Goel, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Miami Miller School...


RSV Burden in Children Under 5 Increased in 2021 and 2022 Versus 2015-2019
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- For children younger than 5 years, the incidence of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization increased in 2021 and 2022 compared with 2015 to 2019, according to a study published online April 18 in JAMA Network...


Computer Prompts Could Reduce Empiric Antibiotic Use for UTI
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- For non-critically ill patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), computerized provider order entry (CPOE) prompts providing patient- and pathogen-specific multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) risk estimates can reduce...


Visual Impairment Linked to Increased Risk for Suicide
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- Visual impairment is associated with an increased risk for suicide, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online April 18 in JAMA Network Open. Chung Young Kim, M.D., from the Seoul National...


Review Explores Cutaneous Manifestations of Myelodysplastic Syndrome
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- Cutaneous manifestations of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are described in a perspective piece published in the April issue of Skin Health and Disease. Xiang Li Tan, M.B.B.S., from St. George's University Hospitals NHS...


Risk for Adverse Outcomes Increased With Antipsychotic Use in Dementia
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- For adults with dementia, antipsychotic use is associated with increased risks for stroke, venous thromboembolism, myocardial infarction, heart failure, fracture, pneumonia, and acute kidney injury, according to a study...


Inpatient Rehab Program Aids Adaptation to Epilepsy Diagnosis
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- An inpatient, epilepsy-related rehabilitation program shows lasting effects on several aspects of adaptation to epilepsy and quality of life, according to a study published April 16 in Epilepsia. Ulrich Specht, from...


Gains in Heart Health Only Experienced by Higher-Income Populations
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- Only higher-income populations experienced improvements in cardiovascular health from 1988 to 2018, according to a study published online April 3 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. Nicholas K....


AAN: Half of Premenopausal Women Have Menstrual Migraines
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 – More than half of premenopausal women report menstrual migraine (MM), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, held from April 13 to 18 in Denver. Jessica Cirillo,...


2000-2010 to 2011-2022 Saw Increase in Lifetime Risk for A-Fib
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- From 2000 to 2022, there was an increase in the lifetime risk for atrial fibrillation, according to a study published online April 17 in The BMJ. Nicklas Vinter, M.D., Ph.D., from Aalborg University in Denmark, and...


Recommendations Developed to Prepare Patients for Oral Immunotherapy
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- In a research article published online April 8 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, consensus recommendations are presented for preparing and counseling patients and caregivers prior to oral immunotherapy...


Risk Prediction Model Accurate for Chronic Kidney Disease
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- For individuals with moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), a model, KDpredict, can accurately predict the risk for kidney failure and death, according to a study published online April 15 in The BMJ. Ping Liu,...


Excessive Internet Use Tied to More Absences for Teens
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- Excessive internet use is associated with an increased risk for both unexcused and medical absences from school among teenagers, according to a study published online April 16 in the Archives of Disease in...


Mortality Down for Rectal Cancer Surgery at NAPRC-Accredited Hospitals
FRIDAY, April 19, 2024 -- National Accreditation Program for Rectal Cancer (NAPRC)-accredited hospitals have lower risk-adjusted mortality and morbidity for patients undergoing major rectal cancer surgery, according to a study published online March...


American Association for Cancer Research, April 5-10
The annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research was held this year from April 5 to 10 in San Diego, drawing approximately 19,000 participants from around the world, including scientists, cancer survivors, clinicians, allied health...


High Levels of Pesticides Found in 20 Percent of Fruits, Vegetables
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Nearly one-fifth of fresh, frozen, and canned fruits and vegetables that Americans eat contain concerning levels of pesticides, posing significant risks from produce such as strawberries, green beans, bell peppers,...


Daily Heat-Related Illness ED Visit Rates Peaked in 2023 Warm Season
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Daily heat-related illness (HRI) emergency department visit rates peaked in the 2023 warm season months, according to research published in the April 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...


Salmonella Linked to Trader Joe's Fresh Basil Sickens 12
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns of possible Salmonella contamination of Trader Joe's fresh organic basil sold in 29 states. Twelve people have been sickened, one of whom required...


Ending Specialized Follow-Up Feasible in Asymptomatic, Low-Risk Leukemia
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- For select patients with asymptomatic, lower-risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia, ending specialized follow-up (sFU) is feasible and safe, according to a study published in the March 1 issue of Blood Advances. Christian...


Pediatric Prescription-Opioid Overdose Visits to ED Increased in 2020
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- There was a substantial increase in pediatric prescription-opioid overdose emergency department visits from 2019 to 2020 in the United States, according to a study published online April 17 in PLOS ONE. Audrey Lu,...


Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Abundance Prognostic in Early-Stage TNBC
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- For patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who undergo surgery without chemotherapy, tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) abundance is associated with improved survival, according to a study...


Hemorrhagic Complications Rare After Cranial Epilepsy Surgery
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Hemorrhagic complications are uncommon after cranial epilepsy surgery, according to a study published online April 12 in World Neurosurgery. Yong Liu, from the The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University...


Improvement Seen in Survival With Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Kidney Cancer
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- For patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma, adjuvant pembrolizumab is associated with a significant and clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival, according to a study published in the April 18 issue of...


Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation Aids Obstructive Sleep Apnea
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS) helps to reduce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but has a decreased response in some patients, according to a study published online April 4 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck...


PCPs Provide Most of the Care Related to Life's Essential 8
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Primary care is the dominant source of care for Life's Essential 8 (LE8), according to a research letter published online March 25 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes. Michael E. Johansen, M.D., from...


H. Pylori Testing Feasible for People in Community Settings
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Community Helicobacter pylori (HP) testing in high-risk individuals is technically feasible, according to a study published online April 3 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Shria Kumar, M.D., from the...


Detection of Serrated Polyps Improved With Propofol During Colonoscopy
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Propofol sedation during colonoscopy seems to be associated with improved detection of serrated polyps, according to a study published online April 17 in Anesthesiology. Aurora N. Quaye, M.D., from Maine Medical Center...


Weight-Related Bullying Increases With More Screen Time, Social Media Use
THURSDAY, April 18, 2024 -- Among an international sample of adolescents, there is an association of increased screen time hours and social media use with weight-related bullying, according to a study published online April 17 in PLOS...


Lower Risk for MCI, Dementia Seen With Cognitively Stimulating Occupations
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Individuals with a history of cognitively stimulating occupations from ages 30 to 65 years have lower risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia in later life, according to a study published online April 17 in...


Mortality Risks Up for Women With Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Women who experience any of five major adverse pregnancy outcomes have increased mortality risks, which remain elevated during long-term follow-up, according to a study published online April 15 in JAMA Internal...


Eli Lilly Says Zepbound Can Ease Obstructive Sleep Apnea
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Eli Lilly announced Wednesday that in two company trials, Zepbound was found to ease sleep apnea in adults with obesity. First approved to treat obesity by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration last November, the power...


Seven in 10 Experiencing Homelessness Have a Mental Health Disorder
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- The majority of people experiencing homelessness have mental health disorders, according to a review published online April 17 in JAMA Psychiatry. Rebecca Barry, Ph.D., from the Cumming School of Medicine at the...


Reports of Injuries, Deaths Prompt FDA to Recall Heart Failure Devices
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- The HeartMate II and HeartMate 3, manufactured by Thoratec Corp., a subsidiary of Abbott Laboratories, are now under a strict U.S. Food and Drug Administration recall after being tied to 273 known injuries and 14 deaths,...


Heritability for Autism Spectrum Disorder Varies for Males and Females
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Heritability for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) varies for males and females, with higher heritability seen for males than females, according to a study published online April 17 in JAMA Psychiatry. Sven Sandin, Ph.D.,...


Erenumab Effective, Safe for Rosacea-Linked Erythema, Flushing
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- The anticalcitonin gene-related peptide-receptor monoclonal antibody erenumab is effective and safe for treatment of rosacea-associated erythema and flushing, according to a study published online April 17 in JAMA...


Rapid Transitions Seen From Neutral to Negative Emotional States in PTSD
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) undergo rapid transitions between neutral and negative emotional states, which are intensified by emotional numbing symptom severity, according to a study published...


Study IDs Risk Factors for Extraintestinal Manifestations of IBD
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Certain demographic, clinical, and genetic factors heighten the risk for extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a study published online March 13...


Bilateral Wilms Tumors That Grow During Chemo Mostly Stromal-Predominant
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Bilateral Wilms tumors (BWTs) that increase in size during neoadjuvant chemotherapy, especially in younger patients, are most often stromal-predominant, according to a study published online March 27 in the Journal of...


Use of CT Angiogram on the Rise for Headache, Dizziness in Emergency Department
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- There was a 67.4 percent increase in head and neck computed tomography angiography (CTA) ordering for emergency department patients presenting for headache or dizziness from 2017 through 2021, according to a study...


Subclassification Can Tailor Surveillance for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
WEDNESDAY, April 17, 2024 -- Subclassification of individuals at high risk for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PC) can enable the development of surveillance approaches better tailored to risk, according to a study published online April 16 in the...