News and Events

Many Legal Marijuana Products Too Strong for Treating Pain
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Legally dispensed marijuana products have stronger concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) than needed for chronic pain relief, according to a study published online March 26 in PLOS ONE. Mary...


Test for COVID-19 Antibodies Approved by FDA
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- The first COVID-19 virus antibody test for use in the United States has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The test checks for protective antibodies in a finger prick of blood, revealing whether a patient has...


Rivaroxaban Prevents VTE After Lower-Limb Surgery
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Following nonmajor orthopedic surgery of the lower limb, rivaroxaban is superior to enoxaparin for prevention of major venous thromboembolism, according to a study published online March 29 in the New England Journal of...


Gastrointestinal Symptoms Common in COVID-19 Patients
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Gastrointestinal symptoms are common in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with increased prevalence seen in the later stages of the epidemic in China, according to a review published online March 29 in...


Higher Alcohol Intake May Harm Bone Health in HIV Patients
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Greater alcohol consumption is associated with lower serum levels of bone formation markers among patients living with HIV and substance use disorder, according to a study published online March 2 in Alcoholism: Clinical...


N.Y. Hospital Converts Sleep Apnea Machines Into Ventilators
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- As COVID-19 pushes American hospitals to the breaking point, intensive care units are finding creative ways to deal with a looming shortage of lifesaving mechanical ventilators. The New York-based hospital system Northwell...


Early Deep Remission of Crohn Disease Tied to Better Outcomes
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Deep early remission of Crohn disease is associated with a significant decrease in long-term adverse effects, according to a study published online March 26 in Gastroenterology. Ryan C. Ungaro, M.D., from the Icahn School of...


Amid COVID-19 Crisis, Blood Donor Restrictions Eased
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- America is in urgent need of blood donations during the COVID-19 pandemic, so the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday it will relax donor restrictions placed on gay and bisexual men and others. Specifically, the...


COPD Independent Risk Factor for Lung Cancer
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an independent risk factor for lung cancer incidence, regardless of smoking status, according to a study published online April 2 in Thorax. Hye Yun Park, M.D., Ph.D., from the...


Autism Rates Inversely Tied to County's Wealth
FRIDAY, April 3, 2020 -- Rates of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are declining among wealthy whites in California while escalating among poor and minority children, according to a study published online March 19 in the Journal of Autism and...


35.1 Percent of Workers Report Work-Related Health Problems
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- More than one-third of employed individuals report work-related health problems, according to research published in the April 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly...


CDC: 2016 to 2017 Saw Increases in Nonfatal Overdoses
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- From 2016 to 2017, there were increases in nonfatal drug overdoses, with significant increases for all drug types except those involving benzodiazepines, according to research published in the April 3 issue of the U.S....


COVID-19 Outbreak Described in Long-Term Care Facility
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Outbreaks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can have a considerable impact on long-term care facilities, according to a report published online March 27 in the New England Journal of Medicine. Temet M. McMichael,...


Unemployed Workers Less Likely to Be Uninsured Post-ACA
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Following implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), unemployed workers were less likely to be uninsured, and uninsurance rates decreased more in states with Medicaid expansion, according to a report from the Urban...


Hospitalizations for Chronic Liver Disease on the Rise
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Hospitalizations for chronic liver disease (CLD) increased from 2012 to 2016, reaching a total estimated national cost of $81.1 billion, according to a study published online April 2 in JAMA Network Open. Grishma Hirode,...


Burden of Clostridioides difficile Infection Down in the U.S.
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- From 2011 to 2017, there was a decrease in the estimated national burden of Clostridium difficile infection, according to a study published in the April 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Alice Y. Guh, M.D.,...


Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy May Up Fracture Risk in Children
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) taken for acid reflux may lead to an increased risk for fractures in children and adolescents, according to a study published online March 12 in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and...


Risk Factors for Missed Appendicitis Diagnosis Identified
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Certain patient and presentation factors increase the likelihood of a missed appendicitis diagnosis in the emergency department, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Network Open. Prashant Mahajan, M.D.,...


Guidelines Developed for Head and Neck Care During COVID-19
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- In a special article published online March 31 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, guidelines are presented for head and neck physical examination and associated procedures during the coronavirus disease 2019...


Rural Doctors Can Be Trained to Treat Advanced Heart Failure
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) who live remotely can be successfully managed with specialized training and cooperation between local physicians and specialty medical centers, according to a study...


Endoscopy Within Six Hours Does Not Lower Mortality in GI Bleed
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Endoscopy within six hours versus six to 24 hours after consultation is not associated with lower 30-day mortality in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding who are at high risk for further bleeding or death,...


CT Scores Higher With Longer Time to COVID-19 Diagnosis
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with longer time from symptom onset to diagnosis have higher computed tomography (CT) scores and longer time to disease resolution, according to a study published online...


Weight Loss Modest for Most Macronutrient Diets
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Most macronutrient diets result in modest weight loss and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors over six months, according to a review and meta-analysis published online April 1 in The BMJ. Long Ge, Ph.D., from the...


Racial Disparities Seen for Insurance Coverage Around Time of Pregnancy
THURSDAY, April 2, 2020 -- Disruptions in insurance coverage around the time of pregnancy disproportionately affect indigenous, Hispanic, and black non-Hispanic women, according to a study published in the April issue of Obstetrics &...


Phone-Based Therapy Beneficial for Depression in Parkinson Disease
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy (T-CBT) seems to be an effective intervention for depression in Parkinson disease (PD), outperforming treatment-as-usual (TAU) on all depression, anxiety, and quality-of-life...


FDA Pulls Heartburn Drug Zantac From Market
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- All versions of the heartburn drug Zantac (ranitidine) have been pulled from the U.S. market due to possible contamination with a probable human carcinogen, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Wednesday. This is...


Severe COVID-19 Risk Up With Existing Health Conditions in U.S.
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- In the United States, individuals with underlying health conditions have an increased risk for severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published in the March 31 early-release issue of the U.S....


Ocular Abnormalities Seen in One-Third of COVID-19 Patients
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- About one-third of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have ocular abnormalities, according to a brief report published online March 31 in JAMA Ophthalmology. Ping Wu, M.D., from the Yichang Central...


ENDO: Liraglutide May Benefit Adolescents With Obesity
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Liraglutide plus lifestyle therapy results in a significantly greater reduction in body mass index (BMI) standard-deviation score than placebo among adolescents with obesity, according to a study published online March 31...


ENDO: Glycemic Control Good for Regular Human Insulin With V-Go
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- For patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), glycemic control is similar with use of regular human insulin (RHI) and rapid-acting insulin (RAI) when delivered with a wearable insulin delivery device, V-Go, according to a...


Patients With Mild COVID-19 May Present With Digestive Symptoms
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Patients with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can present with digestive symptoms, sometimes without concurrent fever, according to a study published online March 30 in the American Journal of...


Polypharmacy Ups Postchemo Hospitalization Risk in Seniors
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Older patients taking five or more medications in the six months before intravenous (IV) chemotherapy are at higher risk for postchemotherapy inpatient hospitalizations, according to a study published online March 18 in...


Four Trajectories of Peer Victimization ID'd Across Childhood
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- There are four developmental patterns of peer victimization across childhood, and family vulnerabilities are associated with development of distinct trajectories, according to a study published online April 1 in...


Burden of Childhood Cancer Can Be Diminished
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- The burden of childhood cancer can be effectively diminished to realize health and economic benefits, according to research published in the April 1 issue of The Lancet Oncology. Rifat Atun, M.D., from the Harvard T.H....


Low Vitamin D May Reduce Mobility After Hip Fracture Surgery
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- Vitamin D deficiencies are associated with a lower likelihood of older patients regaining independent walking ability following hip fracture surgery, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of...


March 2020 Briefing
Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that...


WHO Issues Guidance on Prevention of COVID-19 at LTCFs
TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 -- In a technical guidance document issued by the World Health Organization, recommendations are presented for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) entry and spread in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). The...


CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia
TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 -- Long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with a higher risk for dementia, with the association enhanced by heart failure and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online March 30 in JAMA...


ENDO: Thyroid Hormone Use May Up Mortality Risk in Older Adults
TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 -- Synthetic levothyroxine (LT4) is associated with an increased risk for death among older adults, according to a study presented at the virtual meeting of The Endocrine Society, held from March 28 to 31. Enoch Joseph...


Exclusive Breastfeeding for First Three Months May Cut Allergy Risk
TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 -- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first three months of life may cut the risk for allergy and asthma later in childhood, according to a study published March 3 in Acta Paediatrica. Galya Bigman, Ph.D., from the University...