News and Events

American Academy of Pediatrics, Oct. 2-5
The American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference The annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics was held virtually this year from Oct. 2 to 5 and attracted participants from around the world, including primary care pediatricians,...


CDC Broadens Definition of 'Close Contact' in Tracing COVID-19 Infections
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- In a move that widens the pool of people considered at risk for COVID-19 infection, U.S. health officials released new guidance on Wednesday that redefines who is considered a "close contact" of an infected...


U.S. COVID-19 Vaccine Trial Enrolls 30,000
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- The first company to start a phase 3 trial of a COVID-19 vaccine reached its target of enrolling 30,000 participants, CNN reported Thursday. The company, Moderna, said that all 30,000 have received the first shot, and...


SONG-HD Fatigue Reliable, Valid Scale for Fatigue in Hemodialysis
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- For patients receiving hemodialysis, the SONG-HD Fatigue seems to be a reliable and valid measure for patient fatigue, according to a study published online Oct. 22 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of...


Cytokines Not at 'Storm' Levels in Those With Severe COVID-19
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- COVID-19 may not cause a cytokine storm, according to a review published online Oct. 16 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. Daniel E. Leisman, M.D., from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues conducted...


CDC: Number of COVID-19 Deaths May Be Underreported
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- The number of COVID-19-related deaths may be underestimated, according to research published in the Oct. 20 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly...


Dasatinib + Blinatumomab Active for Ph-Positive ALL in Adults
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- Chemotherapy-free induction and consolidation first-line treatment with dasatinib and blinatumomab is associated with a high incidence of molecular response and survival in adults with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive...


Taking Lipid-Lowering Meds Tied to Lower Risk for Cancer Death
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- For women with breast cancer, colorectal cancer, or melanoma, adherence to lipid-lowering medications (LLM) is inversely linked to cancer-specific mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in the British...


Tocilizumab Does Not Prevent Intubation, Death in COVID-19
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- For moderately ill hospitalized patients with COVID-19, tocilizumab is not effective for preventing intubation or death, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine. John H. Stone,...


Guidelines Developed for Care of Adults With Down Syndrome
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- In an evidence-based clinical guideline, published online Oct. 20 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, recommendations are presented for the medical care of adults with Down syndrome. Amy Y. Tsou, M.D.,...


Flavan-3-ol Intake Appears to Lower Systolic Blood Pressure
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- Flavan-3-ol intake is associated with lower systolic blood pressure, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Scientific Reports. Javier I. Ottaviani, Ph.D., from Mars Inc. in McLean, Virginia, and colleagues...


Skin Breaks Down With Prolonged AL/CVL Use in Neonates
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- Neonates with prolonged arterial line (AL)/central venous line (CVL) use have fewer skin breaks and have significantly larger thalamic volumes early in life compared with those with restricted line use, according to a...


Green Tea, Coffee Intake Linked to Reduced Mortality in T2DM
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- For patients with type 2 diabetes, consumption of green tea and coffee is associated with reduced all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. Yuji Komorita,...


Algorithm Predicts Death, Hospital Admission From COVID-19
THURSDAY, Oct. 22, 2020 -- A population-based risk algorithm performs well for predicting death and hospital admission due to COVID-19 in adults, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in The BMJ. Ash K. Clift, M.B.B.S., from Radcliffe...


Purdue Pharma to Plead Guilty to Opioid-Related Crimes
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Purdue Pharma, maker of the opioid painkiller OxyContin linked to the opioid epidemic, will plead guilty to three federal crimes as part of a settlement of more than $8 billion, theAssociated Pressreported Wednesday. The...


Fauci 'Cautiously Optimistic' for COVID-19 Vaccine by Year's End
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Anthony Fauci, M.D., the leading infectious disease expert in the United States, said on Wednesday he is "cautiously optimistic" that a COVID-19 vaccine will be ready by year's end. Against the backdrop of a pandemic...


Total Joint Arthroplasty Linked to Reduced Risk for Falls
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- For patients with a primary diagnosis of hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA), total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is associated with a reduced risk for traumatic falls, according to a study published in the Oct. 15 issue of the...


New Wave of COVID-19 Infections Taking Hold in America
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- A third surge of COVID-19 cases now has a firm grip on the United States, with an average of 59,000 new infections being reported across the country every day. That tally is the highest since the beginning of August, and...


Lasting Psychological Morbidity Seen With Hyperemesis Gravidarum
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) have long-lasting psychological morbidity, with significantly more probable depression antenatally and postnatally, according to a study published online Oct. 13 in BMJ Open. Nicola...


Vertebral Fractures Marker of Poorer Prognosis in COVID-19
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Vertebral fractures (VFs) are a clinical marker of fragility and poor prognosis in patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Luigi di...


Rate of Injuries Increased Around Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Women with invasive cervical cancer (ICC) have an increased rate of iatrogenic and noniatrogenic injuries during diagnostic workup, according to a study published online Oct. 21 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers &...


Proactive Interventions Cut Spending for Children With Asthma
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Proactive interventions such as asthma self-management education, flu vaccination, and use of spacers with inhalers cut medical costs for low-income children with asthma, according to a study published online Oct. 10 in...


Vaccine Attributes Influence Readiness to Accept COVID-19 Shot
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Vaccine-related attributes and political characteristics are associated with preference for choosing a hypothetical COVID-19 vaccine, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in JAMA Network Open. Sarah Kreps,...


Interval Breast Cancers Tied to Worse Outcomes
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Interval breast cancers (IBCs) account for one-fourth of breast cancers detected in routinely screened women, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Network Open. Saroj Niraula, M.D., from the University...


Maternal Hypothyroidism Linked to Risk for ADHD in Offspring
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Exposure to maternal hypothyroidism during the periconceptual period is associated with an increased risk for childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring, according to a study published online...


Corticosteroid Exposure Affects Bone Health in Asthma Patients
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- For patients with asthma, oral corticosteroid (OCS) and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use is associated with an increased risk for osteoporosis and fragility fractures (FFs), according to a study published online Oct. 20...


Aortic Dissection Is Rare Complication of Pregnancy
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Aortic dissection during pregnancy or postpartum is rare, according to a study published online Oct. 14 in JAMA Cardiology. Alan C. Braverman, M.D., from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and...


Weekend Admission Tied to Higher Stroke Mortality
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Patients admitted for hemorrhagic stroke on weekends have higher in-hospital mortality than those admitted on weekdays, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular...


Insurance Tied to Odds of Cancer Surgery at High-Volume Centers
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 21, 2020 -- Uninsured, Medicare-insured, and Medicaid-insured patients with breast, prostate, or lung cancer are less likely to receive surgical care at high-volume hospitals compared with privately insured patients, according to a...


CDC Recommends Face Masks in All Public Transportation Settings
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- Seeking to slow the spread of COVID-19, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended on Monday that face masks be worn by everyone in all public transportation settings. That includes both passengers and...


Scientists to Infect Volunteers With COVID-19 in Challenge Trial
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- British scientists are infecting healthy volunteers with COVID-19, in hopes of speeding up vaccine development, TheWashington Postreported Tuesday. Led by scientists at Imperial College London, people in this challenge...


CDC: 65.3 Percent of U.S. Women Currently Using Contraceptives
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- In 2017 to 2019, 65.3 percent of women aged 15 to 49 years in the United States used contraception, with female sterilization the most common method, according to an October data brief published by the U.S. Centers for...


No COVID-19 Vaccines Allowed in California Without State Approval
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- California is not going to allow the use of any COVID-19 vaccines until its own panel of experts approves them, Gov. Gavin Newsom announced Monday. Vaccinations "will move at the speed of trust," Newsom said, and the state...


Water-Based Births as Safe as Traditional Births
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- Hospital-based water births are as safe as traditional births, according to a study published in the October issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Abbey C. Sidebottom, Ph.D., M.P.H., from Allina Health in Minneapolis, and...


Linked Color Imaging Detects More Neoplastic Upper GI Lesions
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- Linked color imaging (LCI) can detect neoplastic lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract more frequently than white-light imaging (WLI), according to a study published online Oct. 20 in the Annals of Internal...


Time to Diagnosis Longer for Subtle Seizures in Focal Epilepsy
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- Patients with new-onset focal epilepsy with subtle seizures experience prolonged time to diagnosis, according to a study published online Oct. 20 in Epilepsia. Jacob Pellinen, M.D., from the New York University School of...


Investigational Drug May Prolong Survival in Patients With ALS
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- Long-term survival analysis shows that patients with earlier initiation of sodium phenylbutyrate-taurursodiol (PB-TURSO) treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have longer median overall survival, according to a...


CDC: One-Year Survival 96.1 Percent for Male Breast Cancer
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- For men with a diagnosis of breast cancer during 2007 to 2016, the one- and five-year survival rates were 96.1 and 84.7 percent, respectively, according to research published in the Oct. 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for...


Higher-Calorie Refeeding Beneficial in Anorexia Nervosa
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- For adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa or atypical anorexia nervosa, higher-calorie refeeding restores medical stability significantly earlier than lower-calorie refeeding, with no increase in electrolyte...


Removing Race Classifier Would Impact Care in Blacks With CKD
TUESDAY, Oct. 20, 2020 -- About one in three African American patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) would be reclassified to a more severe CKD stage if the race classifier were removed from the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration...