News and Events

Exercise Intervention Doesn't Improve Walking Ability in PAD
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- For patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), a home-based exercise intervention does not improve walking ability over nine months compared with usual care, according to a study published in the April 24 issue of the...


Five-Day Nitrofurantoin Beats Single-Dose Fosfomycin for UTI
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Five-day nitrofurantoin is associated with increased likelihood of clinical and microbiological resolution compared with single-dose fosfomycin among women with lower urinary tract infection (UTI), according to a study...


USPSTF Urges Abuse Screening for Reproductive-Aged Women
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has found that screening for intimate partner violence (IPV) is beneficial for reproductive-aged women, while there is inadequate evidence to weigh the balance of benefits...


Ticagrelor + Aspirin Beneficial After Elective CABG
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- For patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), ticagrelor + aspirin is associated with significantly increased saphenous vein graft patency rates compared with aspirin alone, according to a study...


American College of Physicians, April 19-21
The American College of Physicians: Internal Medicine Meeting The annual meeting of the American College of Physicians (ACP) was held from April 19 to 21 in New Orleans and attracted more than 6,000 participants from around the world, including...


Guidelines Developed for Use of Drugs in Multiple Sclerosis
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Guidelines have been developed for use of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) in multiple sclerosis (MS), integrating findings from a systematic review. The review and guidelines were published online April 23 in...


Preteens Metabolically Comparable to Trained Athletes
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Prepubertal children are metabolically comparable to adult endurance athletes, and less fatiguable with high intensity exercise than untrained adults, according to a study published online April 24 in the Frontiers in...


Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Evening preference and a later breakfast are associated with elevated body mass index (BMI) in adults with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 13 in Diabetic Medicine. Hataikarn Nimitphong, M.D.,...


Black Men More Likely to Die From Firearm Homicide
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Firearm homicides are much more common among black men compared to white men, particularly in rust belt states, according to a study published online April 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Corinne A. Riddell, Ph.D.,...


Serlopitant Found to Be Safe, Effective for Chronic Pruritus
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Serlopitant has potential as a therapy for the treatment of chronic pruritus, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Gil Yosipovitch, M.D., from the...


E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is associated with increased subsequent marijuana use among adolescents, according to a study published online April 23 in Pediatrics. Hongying Dai, Ph.D., from Children's Mercy...


One in Four Adults Report Having Arthritis
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Between 1999 and 2014, nearly one-quarter of American adults reported having arthritis, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Public Health. Juyoung Park, Ph.D., from the Florida Atlantic...


Linear Link for Physical Activity, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- There is a linear correlation for physical activity (PA) with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. Anne E. Visser,...


In Utero Caffeine Exposure Affects Early Childhood Weight
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may alter the overall weight growth trajectory of the offspring from 6 weeks to 8 years, according to a study published online April 23 in BMJ Open. Eleni Papadopoulou, from the...


Alcohol Intake May Influence Oral Microbiome Composition
TUESDAY, April 24, 2018 -- Alcohol consumption, specifically heavy drinking, may influence the oral microbiome composition, according to a study published online April 24 in Microbiome. Xiaozhou Fan, from NYU School of Medicine in New York City, and...


Patients Prefer Doctors Who Engage in Face-to-Face Visits
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Patients prefer physicians who engage in face-to-face (F2F) clinic visits, rather than those using an examination room computer (ERC), according to a research letter published online April 19 in JAMA Oncology. Ali Haider,...


Controlling High Blood Pressure Could Prevent Dementia
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Controlling high blood pressure in older African-Americans may prevent future dementia, according to a study published recently in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Michael D. Murray, Pharm.D., from the Regenstrief...


Electric Cars Safe With Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Electric cars seem to be safe for patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs), and do not result in electromagnetic interference (EMI), according to a study published online April 24 in the Annals of...


Factors ID'd to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Ethnicity/race, markers of insulin resistance, and genetic factors might help identify obese youth at risk for developing fatty liver, according to a study published online April 17 in Hepatology. Domenico Tricò, M.D.,...


Flexible Sigmoidoscopy Cuts CRC Incidence, Mortality in Men
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Flexible sigmoidoscopy screening is associated with reduced colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality in men, but not women, according to a study published online April 24 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Øyvind...


Grip Strength Indicative of Cognition in Major Depression
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- For individuals with major depression and bipolar disorder, grip strength is positively associated with cognition, according to a study published online April 18 in JAMA Psychiatry. Joseph Firth, Ph.D., from the University...


Birch Pollen-Related Foods Can Trigger Dermatitis Reactions
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- In patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and birch pollen allergy, consumption of birch pollen-related foods is associated with allergic reactions and deterioration of AD, according to a study published online April 13 in...


Pediatric Exposures to Liquid Nicotine Down From 2015 to 2016
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Pediatric exposures to liquid nicotine decreased from 2015 to 2016, but exposure still poses serious risks to children, according to a study published online April 23 in Pediatrics. Preethi Govindarajan, from the Research...


Too Few Adults Taking Epilepsy Meds Have Seizure Control
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Although most adults with epilepsy report taking epilepsy medication, less than half of those report having their seizures controlled, according to research published in the April 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease...


Choroidal Thickness Changes in Patients With Untreated DM
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- The choroidal thickness changes in patients with untreated diabetes mellitus over time, according to a study published online April 14 in Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology. Hiroaki Endo, from Teine Keijinkai...


Belimumab Aids Anti-dsDNA+, Hypocomplementemic Lupus
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Weekly belimumab is associated with greater benefit than placebo for patients with hypocomplementemic/anti-double stranded (ds)DNA-positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study published online April 18...


Cancer Screening More Likely After a Previous False Positive
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Patients who previously had a false-positive breast or prostate cancer screening test result are more likely to have future screenings, according to a study published online April 23 in Cancer. Glen B. Taksler, Ph.D., from...


Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- Targeted diabetes screening based only on age and weight criteria will identify approximately half of U.S. adults with dysglycemia, according to a study published online April 12 in the Journal of General Internal...


Phone App Linked to Improved Psoriasis Treatment Adherence
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- A smartphone app is associated with improved short-term adherence to a cutaneous foam treatment for psoriasis, according to a study published online April 14 in the British Journal of Dermatology. Mathias Tiedemann...


Celecoxib Lowers Opioid Use Post Head & Neck Cancer Surgery
MONDAY, April 23, 2018 -- For patients undergoing head and neck cancer (HNC) surgery, perioperative use of celecoxib is associated with reduced use of opioids after surgery, according to a study published online April 18 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head...


FDA Approves First Drug for Rare Form of Rickets
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc.'s Crysvita (burosumab-twza) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults and children ages 1 year and older with x-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH). A clinical trial...


Questions Surround Concept of Internet Gaming Disorder
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- The concept of internet gaming disorder (IGD) and the pathways leading to it are unclear, according to a review published online April 6 in Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. Frank W. Paulus, Ph.D., from Saarland...


Annual Visits May Not Increase Cognitive Impairment Detection
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Medicare Annual Wellness Visits (AWVs) do not appear to substantially increase the detection of cognitive impairment in older adults, according to a study published online April 2 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics...


High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is associated with increased risk of recurrent major cardiovascular (CV) events in patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), according to a study published online April...


Medical Cannabis Not Recommended for Sleep Apnea
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Medical cannabis and/or its synthetic extracts should not be used for treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to an American Academy of Sleep Medicine position statement published in the April 15...


Study Finds 31 Percent Use No Opioids After Surgery
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Almost 63 percent of patients did not use opioids after having an elective procedure, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Surgical Association, held from April 19 to 21 in Phoenix. Cornelius...


Colon Cancer Survival Varies by Insurance Type
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- Compared to patients with private insurance, colon cancer survival is lower for patients with no insurance or with Medicaid, according to a study published in the May issue of Diseases of the Colon & Rectum. Dianne...


In LVSD, Diabetes Tied to Higher Risk of Heart Failure
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- In patients with asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction, diabetes is associated with an increased risk of developing heart failure, according to a study published online April 6 in Diabetes Care. Rasmus Rørth,...


Mortality Down With Spinal Anesthesia for Hip Fx Surgery
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- For patients undergoing hip fracture fixation, general anesthesia (GA) is associated with increased 90-day mortality compared with spinal anesthesia (SA), according to a study presented at the 2018 World Congress on...


Systolic BP Increases at Rapid Rate Above 120 to 125 mm Hg
FRIDAY, April 20, 2018 -- After systolic blood pressure (BP) reaches 120 to 125 mm Hg, it increases at a relatively rapid rate toward overt hypertension, according to a study published online March 21 in JAMA Cardiology. Teemu J. Niiranen, M.D.,...